Haut-Rhin is one of the departments in the region of Alsace in France. It is named after the Rhine River. It is one of the original 83 departments that were created during the French revolution through the application of the law of 22 December 1789. The Haut-Rhin is synonymous to  Upper Rhine. Haut-Rhin is smaller than the Bas-Rhin. It is less populated among the two departments of Alsace. It is even considered to be densely populated compared to the rest of France.

Each department of Alsace is consists of Arrondissement. The Haut-Rhin consist the following:

  • Arrondissement of Mulhouse (73)
  • Arrondissement of Altkirch (111)
  • Arrondissement of Thann (52)
  • Arrondissement of Colmar (62)
  • Arrondissement of Guebwiller (47)
  • Arrondissement of Ribeauvillé (32)

The number in parenthesis refers to the number of population that comprises each arrondissement.


The Alsace contains the one of the richest French departments which is Haut-Rhin. The Mulhouse which can be found in Haut-Rhin is the home of the Peugeot automobile factory that manufactures 106 and 206 models.

The Haut-Rhin is bordered by the Vosges departments, Territoire de Belfort and the Vosges Mountains to the west, the Bas-Rhin department to the North, Switzerland to the south. Its eastern border with Germany is also the RiverRhine. In the centre of the departement lies a fertile plain. The climate in Haut-Rhin is semi-continental.

As stated by the Institut National de la Statistique ET des Études Économiques (INSEE), the Alsace region had a gross domestic product of 44.3 billion euros in the year 2002. Having the GDP per capita of €24,804, it became the second-place region of France. Almost 68% of its jobs are in the services and 25% are in industry. This makes the Alsace to be the one of France’s most industrialized regions.


In terms of politics, Alsace is considered to be one of the most conservative regions in France. Their conservative leader is Nicolas Sarkozy who got his best score in Alsace in the second round of French presidential elections. The president council is Philippe Richert. Alsace is one of the most pro-EU regions in France, who voted yes to the European Constitution 2005.


Their population increased to 1, 836, and 000 in 2008. Their population increased by both migration and natural growth.


They are historically part of the Roman Empire and German realm of culture. The passed between French and German in numerous times, results to the cultural blend. The Germanic traits still remain in more traditional and rural parts of the culture, such as the architecture and cuisine. Hence, the modern institutions are totally dominated by the French culture.


The traditional houses of the Alsatians in the lowland are consist of houses constructed with cob and roofing in flat tiles and walls in timber framing.


They are marked by the use of pork in various forms. Their traditional dishes include flammekueche, baeckeoffe, fleischnacka and choucroute. They are mostly known for their wines and beers. The Haut-Rhin department is said to be the one greatest contributors of in the production of wine and beers.

The Alsace Involve the production of a great variety small cakes and biscuits as well as gingerbread cakes which is usually baked during the Christmas season.

The Alsace, although considered as one of the smallest region, has a great contribution to the good and improving economy of France. Along with one of its department, Haut-Rhin, the Alsace can possibly be known in the around the world. The German and French had the greatest influence in the development of the Alsace.

The Alsace and one of its departments – Haut-Rhin

France is one of the largest countries in Europe. It is the most popular tourist destination in the world. This country is divided into 27 administrative regions. There are 22 official regions that are located in France and each region is subdivided into departments. The remaining five regions refer to the overseas. One of the 22 official regions in France is the Alsace.

Alsace is considered to be the fifth-smallest among the 27 regions of France. It is the seventh-most densely populated region in France and the densest population in the region of the metropolitan France. That is why Alsace becomes the smallest region in metropolitan.

Ideally, the region will be joining the Lorraine and Champagne-Ardenne in order to create a new region which will be tentatively called as Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine on January 1 2016.


Going back to the history of Alsace, it has been inhabited by the nomadic hunters. These hunters are the people who don’t stay in one place; instead they keep on travelling from one place to another. And one of the places they have gone to is the region of Alsace.

In the 58 BC, the Roman had invaded the Alsace that makes it the center of viticulture. The Romans built fortifications and military camps that evolved into several communities.

The Alsace region was part of the Holy Roman Empire and was gradually annexed by the France I the 17th century and was formalized to be one of the provinces of France. This region is usually mentioned as part of Lorraine.

Under the Hohenstaufen emperors, the Alsace had experienced their great prosperity during the 12th and 13th century. But as in much of Europe, the prosperity of the region ended in the 14th century through the series of bad harvest, harsh writers and Black Death.

The Alsace also became the territory of the Germanic Alemanni. These are agricultural people and their language formed the basis of modern-day dialects.


Alsace is located on the west bank upper Rhine which is adjacent to Switzerland and Germany and on the eastern border of France. The economic, cultural and political capital of Alsace is the Strasbourg. The Strasbourg is the seat of several international organizations and bodies. The country’s political status has been influenced by the wars, historical decisions, and strategic politics.


Their historical language is Alsatian. This dialect is mostly spoken in some part of Lorraine and across the Rhine. But today, the Alsatians have come to speak the official language of France which is French. The percentage of people who speak Alsatian is ranging from 43% adult population and 3% of those who are aging from 3-17.


The region has a semi-continental climate with hot summers and cold and dry winters. They experience a little of precipitation because the Vosges protect it from the west. The city of Colmar, second driest city in France, has a sunny microclimate. It has an annual precipitation of 550mm that makes it the ideal for making the Alsatian wine.


Alsace has an area of 8, 283 km² that makes it the smallest region in the metropolitan France. It comprises with many forests, primarily in the city of Vosges and in Bas-Rhin.

Alsace is divided into two departments: Department of Bas-Rhin and the department of Haut-Rhin.