Haut-Rhin is one of the departments in the region of Alsace in France. It is named after the Rhine River. It is one of the original 83 departments that were created during the French revolution through the application of the law of 22 December 1789. The Haut-Rhin is synonymous to Upper Rhine. Haut-Rhin is smaller than the Bas-Rhin. It is less populated among the two departments of Alsace. It is even considered to be densely populated compared to the rest of France.
Each department of Alsace is consists of Arrondissement. The Haut-Rhin consist the following:
- Arrondissement of Mulhouse (73)
- Arrondissement of Altkirch (111)
- Arrondissement of Thann (52)
- Arrondissement of Colmar (62)
- Arrondissement of Guebwiller (47)
- Arrondissement of Ribeauvillé (32)
The number in parenthesis refers to the number of population that comprises each arrondissement.
The Alsace contains the one of the richest French departments which is Haut-Rhin. The Mulhouse which can be found in Haut-Rhin is the home of the Peugeot automobile factory that manufactures 106 and 206 models.
The Haut-Rhin is bordered by the Vosges departments, Territoire de Belfort and the Vosges Mountains to the west, the Bas-Rhin department to the North, Switzerland to the south. Its eastern border with Germany is also the RiverRhine. In the centre of the departement lies a fertile plain. The climate in Haut-Rhin is semi-continental.
As stated by the Institut National de la Statistique ET des Études Économiques (INSEE), the Alsace region had a gross domestic product of 44.3 billion euros in the year 2002. Having the GDP per capita of €24,804, it became the second-place region of France. Almost 68% of its jobs are in the services and 25% are in industry. This makes the Alsace to be the one of France’s most industrialized regions.
In terms of politics, Alsace is considered to be one of the most conservative regions in France. Their conservative leader is Nicolas Sarkozy who got his best score in Alsace in the second round of French presidential elections. The president council is Philippe Richert. Alsace is one of the most pro-EU regions in France, who voted yes to the European Constitution 2005.
Their population increased to 1, 836, and 000 in 2008. Their population increased by both migration and natural growth.
They are historically part of the Roman Empire and German realm of culture. The passed between French and German in numerous times, results to the cultural blend. The Germanic traits still remain in more traditional and rural parts of the culture, such as the architecture and cuisine. Hence, the modern institutions are totally dominated by the French culture.
The traditional houses of the Alsatians in the lowland are consist of houses constructed with cob and roofing in flat tiles and walls in timber framing.
They are marked by the use of pork in various forms. Their traditional dishes include flammekueche, baeckeoffe, fleischnacka and choucroute. They are mostly known for their wines and beers. The Haut-Rhin department is said to be the one greatest contributors of in the production of wine and beers.
The Alsace Involve the production of a great variety small cakes and biscuits as well as gingerbread cakes which is usually baked during the Christmas season.
The Alsace, although considered as one of the smallest region, has a great contribution to the good and improving economy of France. Along with one of its department, Haut-Rhin, the Alsace can possibly be known in the around the world. The German and French had the greatest influence in the development of the Alsace.